The questionnaire-based surveys were conducted in May 2016 and in August 2019 both in the northern (part of Chernivtsi oblast, Ukraine) and southern (Suceava county and a tiny part of Botoșani county, Romania) parts of Bukovyna borderland.

The survey was based on a representative quota sample which included individuals who self-position themselves as Romanians in Ukraine (403 subjects) and as Ukrainians in Romania (363 subjects) from both rural and urban areas. The sample was built based on the 2001 census in Ukraine and the 2002 census in Romania and respected the gender, age and regional distribution of the population.

Respondents’ belonging to either Ukrainians or Romanians was not prescribed by the research team. Belonging to one group or another was in fact self-defined by the respondents themselves and was enabled by applying two filter questions at the beginning of the survey. Those who did not identify as Romanian/Ukrainian or declared mixed identity were not included in the survey.

Participation in the study was voluntary, anonymous, and participants could have withdrawn at any time during or after the data was collected. No incentives for participation was offered and, in average, the questionnaire took 40 minutes to be completed.

The main results of our findings are available in the form of DIGITAL DIAGRAMS presented below. The diagrams also allow viewing content in a comparative perspective.


To get access to the data, please select a question from the set below:



To get access to the data, please select a question from the set below:


The 2016 data analysis is available both in Ukrainian (pdf) and Romanian (pdf) languages.